The Impact of leadership change on socio-economy of Ethiopia: April 02/2018 to April 02/2019

  • Ahmed Abduletif Abdulkadr Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Ethiopian governance system can broadly be categorized in to three eras. The Imperial era where Ethiopia has been ruled by emperors, Socialist era where the ruling system was military socialism and the third one is the current federal system with parliament as the main authority holder. The establishment of federal system intended to maintain the unity and peace among the people, prevent the dominance of the ruling party and enhanced the public participation Compared to the previous administrations, in the las two decades the current administration under Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary democratic front (EPRDF) has achieved considerable progresses in all aspects such as economic, political and social and human development. Though a positive progress has been registered there were several antigovernment protests which last more than three years under the leadership of former Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn which resulted in resignation on February 15, 2018 opening a way to the current leader Abiy Ahmed (PhD) and his staff. This study is then aims to identify the main reason for resignation of former Prime Minister the overall socio-economic impact of the leadership change in the country within one year office service under the new premier. To do so, reports, Medias and personal observation was used as a main tool to collect the information and qualitative analysis was used to examine the overall status of the new governance. Accordingly, several reforms have been made to stabilize the internal instability and lead the country to better democracy. In doing so, he merged several ministerial offices so as to properly utilize the budget and ease monitoring procedure, assigned women in the 50% the ministerial seats (cabinet) including Ministry of military and defense, he brought peace between Ethiopian and Eritrea, freed thousands of political prisoners and reformed some of the laws. Although he made such changes and achieve good acceptance by majority, there were some challenges he has been facing. Some of them to mention are lack of coherence of the central government, no national consciences, scope legitimate state action which hardly str. 2 ISSN 2353-6950 Numer 2/2020 (17) exist and absence of clear change road map. In order to improve the current status, structural forces which might affect the transition should be identified and coherence of central government is highly required. Ethnic differences should be wisely managed by respecting rule of law. In addition to this, horizontal discussions are mandatory. Economic performance must be improved in order to create jobs and reduce unemployment. At macroeconomic level, the government should expand the economic activities by financing the deficit, if any. Professionalizing bureaucracy and integration of newly appointed leaders and the bureaucracy and asserting of newly political ideology to all levels of administrative Units is required. On the other hand, tolerance between Ethiopian people is the key to successfully bring the democratic system in the country

How to Cite
ABDULKADR, Ahmed Abduletif. The Impact of leadership change on socio-economy of Ethiopia: April 02/2018 to April 02/2019. Młoda Humanistyka, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, mar. 2021. ISSN 2353-6950. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 nov. 2022.